How to teach critical thinking to esl students - Critical Thinking And English Language Teaching Pt. 2 - EFL Magazine
Allowing students room to think deeply and discuss openly during critical thinking activities is the key to them taking true responsibility for the learning. Through these kinds of activities we foster real thinkers and life-long learners.
At the second level, students might be expected to give a summary or an explanation of a story. At the third level, students would be expected to relate the story to their own lives.
Generating Questions: Using Critical Thinking Skills
At the fourth level, essay on importance of regular exercise would compare and contrast elements within the story. The fifth level would require hypothesizing or creating something new based on the reading. To reach the top of the skyscraper, or the sixth level, students must be able to synthesize the information from the story and then formulate their own opinions.
An important element of higher order thinking is learning to ask critical questions.
Incorporating Critical Thinking Skills Development into ESL/EFL Courses
Students then answer a set of reading comprehension questions based on the story. When the students have finished, the answers are checked with the class. Afterwards, the students listen to a song based on the text and complete a gap fill. ESL Critical Thinking and Problem-Solving Activity - Reading, Listening and Speaking - Intermediate - 30 minutes In this critical thinking and problem-solving activity, students guess what criteria was used to put a list of ten jobs in order.
The class is divided into groups of six and each student is given a card. Working alone, the students order the jobs on their card, according to the given mba dissertation hrm 1 being the most important and 10 being the least important.
When the students have finished, they use their problem-solving skills to guess what criteria other students used to put their list of ten jobs in order.
Halvorsen - Incorporating Critical Thinking Skills Development into ESL/EFL Courses (TESL/TEFL)
The students then take it in turns to read out their order from 1 to The other students in the group analyze the list and discuss the possible criteria. The student with the card listens but cannot help in any way. The students then give their answer.
If the students guess correctly, the next student reads out their card. If not, the students keep guessing until they get it right. When the groups have finished, there is a class feedback session to discuss the job order, according to each criteria.
Critical Thinking And English Language Teaching Pt. 2
Your Views ESL Critical Thinking Activity - Listening and Speaking Activity - Intermediate - 30 minutes This thought-provoking speaking activity helps students to use their critical thinking skills to discuss a set of controversial statements.
Each group of five is given a set of statements. The students read the statements and then choose three to discuss. The students discuss each statement for five minutes and then vote whether they agree or disagree with the statement, noting down the reasons for the winning decision. When all three statements have been discussed, each group chooses a spokesperson to present the group's ideas to the class.
After each group has can too much homework make you tired, the rest of the class give their views. Parrish and Johnson recommend this same explicit strategy instruction but also emphasize graphic organizers as a way to help analyze a text.
Strategies for Developing ELL Critical Thinking Skills
Wong has created a curricular resource guide which offers a systematic ways of organizing and teaching critical thinking skills in the esl of reading. The guide is available in her dissertation pages It is organized as follows p. Interpreting texts based on personal knowledge Synthesizing from multiple sources Identifying assumptions and evaluating information Peer editing Mulnix highly recommends using the writing process to help foster practice critical thinking.
This is something that can easily be applied to writing in ELT. Argument mapping Both Mulnix and van Gelder have argued for the extensive use of argument student, which is essentially a form of critical organizers that help in analyzing an argument. Olfu thesis format Reading Close reading is a deep reading of a text that involves annotations, patterns, contradictions and similarities, and teach asking.
How is a thinking approach to reading.
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Transactional Reading Transactional reading is a form of close reading in which texts are interpreted through differing contexts found in the text, often placing the readers themselves in the text to interpret it. Gomez and Leal used transactional reading apa 6 dissertation zitieren urban legends to promote critical thinking skills among their students.
The authors had students read short urban legends individually, completing comprehension worksheets and then critical post-reading tasks that were based on transactional reading. Students then guess which vocabulary word the made up word represents. Word Categories — Working to create associations between words, students in groups come up with word categories, then group vocabulary words into those categories.
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Students justify to the class why the groupings were created. A possible adaptation of this activity occurs when one group establishes groupings, then writes the categories for the next group to guess which vocabulary words go into which categories. Think-Pair-Share — An activity helping to critically analyze a new concept, the teacher begins with an essential question.