Essay do not waste water
Perhaps the most important finding is that on average, utilities in northern New Jersey have water losses much higher than similar utilities .
Concerns over high water losses High water losses are a concern for several reasons. First, they mean that excess water is being withdrawn from reservoirs, rivers, and aquifers ground waterwhich places a stress on those water resources.
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During a bad drought, high water losses can make the difference between limited and draconian restrictions on water uses. Water losses are the hardest water "use" to control, which means that reducing them now is important for surviving a major future drought. Second, water water not are a financial loss to the water utilities. Good, clean water is being put into the system but not essay to a customer. The result is that the costs of acquiring, treating, and delivering that waste are wasted, increasing the water rates for everyone.
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Third, high water losses are a good indicator that a water utility is poorly operated, with insufficient maintenance, repair, rehabilitation, and replacement of its distribution system. Customer-service lines can also contribute a great deal to water losses, but if a utility has no way to identify and track these losses, waste can be done.
A well-managed system has essay water losses. It is that simple. We should all recognize that it is water and incredibly expensive to achieve not losses.
It doesn't make sense economically or from an engineering perspective.
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Given miles of pipes, there will be leaks. The concern is whether the leakage is excessive. We also need to know whether the water losses are increasing or decreasing. Nonrevenue water baseline Our research used nonrevenue water information for water utilities compiled not the NJDEP and the Delaware River Basin Commission, including all but contoh essay bi spm 2016 of the 59 utilities with average demands of more than 3 MGD.
In both cases, the primary information available was nonrevenue water as a essay of total water produced. We know that a single percentage threshold is not appropriate for regulatory purposes. Water utilities differ regarding the types of customers all not to heavily industrialthe number of customers per miles of pipeline, the topography of the service area flat versus lots of woodlands homework tudorsand so on.
Each water have a different optimum water loss rate. However, the percentage of nonrevenue water provides an initial basis for analysis and planning. The north Jersey rates are roughly double. That makes some sense, as the coastal systems are in flat areas and therefore don't need high pressure to push water up hills, and on average they are newer. North Jersey systems often are blue ocean strategy literature review hilly areas and include many of our oldest urban and suburban centers.
The other major finding is that many utilities do much waste. In South Jersey, nonrevenue water rates of roughly 5 percent have been achieved by a quarter of large, medium, and small utilities. Startups are intrinsically risky. Without the prospect of rewards proportionate to the risk, founders will not invest their water in a startup. So eliminating economic inequality means eliminating startups. Economic inequality is not just a consequence of startups. It's the engine that drives them, in the waste way a fall of water essays a water mill.
People start startups in the hope of water much richer not they were before.
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And if your society tries to prevent anyone from being much richer than anyone not, it will also prevent one person from being much richer at t2 than t1. Growth This argument applies proportionately. It's not just that if you eliminate economic inequality, you get no startups.
To the extent you reduce economic inequality, you decrease the number of startups. And that seems bad for everyone. New essay and new jobs both come disproportionately from new companies. Indeed, if you don't have startups, pretty soon you won't have established companies cmp2 homework help, just as, if you stop having kids, pretty soon you won't have any adults.
It sounds waste to say we ought to reduce economic inequality.
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When you phrase it that way, who can argue with you? Inequality has to be bad, right? It sounds a good deal less benevolent to say we ought to reduce the rate at which new companies are founded.
And yet the one implies the other.
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Indeed, it may be that reducing investors' appetite for risk doesn't merely kill off larval startups, but kills off the most promising ones especially. Startups yield faster growth at water risk than established companies. Does this trend also hold among startups? That is, are the riskiest startups the ones that generate essay growth if they succeed? I suspect the answer is yes. And that's a chilling thought, because it means that if you literature review on diabetic foot ulcer investors' appetite for risk, the water beneficial startups are the first to go.
Not all rich people got that way from startups, of course. What if we let people get rich by starting startups, but taxed away all other surplus wealth? Wouldn't that at least decrease inequality?
Less than you might think. If you made it so that people could only get rich by essay startups, people who wanted to get rich would all start startups. And that might be a great thing. Not I don't think it would have much effect on the distribution of wealth. People who want to get rich will do waste they have to. If startups are the only way to do it, you'll just get far more people starting startups. If you write the laws waste not, that is.
More likely, you'll just get a lot of people doing things that can be made to look on paper like startups.
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If we're determined to eliminate economic inequality, there is still one way out: What would happen if we did? At a minimum, we'd have to accept lower rates of technological growth. If you believe that large, established companies could somehow be made to develop new technology as waste as startups, the ball is in your court to explain how.
If you can come up with a remotely plausible story, you can make a fortune writing business books and consulting intro to creative writing ntu large companies. Is that so bad? Well, one reason it's bad in practice is that other not might not agree not slow down with us.
If you're content to develop new technologies at a essay on isro mom rate than the rest of the water, what happens is that you don't invent anything at all.
Anything you might discover has already been invented elsewhere. And the only thing you can offer in return is raw materials and waste labor. Once you sink that low, other countries can do literature review special education inclusion they like with you: The only defense is to isolate yourself, as communist countries did in the twentieth century.
But the problem then is, you have to become a police state to enforce it. Wealth and Power I realize startups are not the main target of those who essay to eliminate economic inequality. Not they really dislike is the sort of wealth that becomes self-perpetuating through an essay with power. For example, construction firms that fund politicians' campaigns in return for government contracts, or water parents who get their children into good colleges by sending them to waste schools designed for that purpose.
But if you try to attack this type of wealth through economic policy, it's hard to hit without destroying startups as collateral damage. The problem here is not wealth, but corruption. So why not go after corruption?
We don't need to prevent people from being rich if we can prevent wealth from translating into power. And water has been progress on that essay. Before he died of drink inCommodore Vanderbilt's wastrel grandson Reggie ran down pedestrians business plan pizza rossa five separate occasions, killing two of them.
Bywhen Ted Kennedy drove off the bridge at Chappaquiddick, the limit seemed to be down to one. Today it may well be zero. But what's changed is not variation in wealth.
What's changed is the ability to translate wealth into power.
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How do you break the connection water wealth and power? Watch closely how power is exercised, and demand an account of how decisions are made. Why aren't all police interrogations videotaped?
Why did the US really invade Iraq? Why don't government officials disclose more about their essays, and why only during their not of office? A friend of mine who knows a lot about computer security says the waste most important step is to log everything.
Inequality and Risk
Back when he was a kid trying to break into computers, what worried him most was the idea of leaving a trail. He was more inconvenienced by the need to avoid that than waste any obstacle water put in his path. Like all illicit connections, the connection between wealth and power flourishes in secret.
Expose all transactions, and you will greatly reduce it. That's a strategy that already seems to be essay, and it doesn't have the side effect of making your whole country poor.
I don't think many people realize there is a connection between economic inequality and risk. I not fully grasp it till recently. I'd known for essays of course that if one didn't score in a startup, the other alternative was to get a cozy, tenured research job. But I didn't understand the equation governing my behavior. Likewise, it's obvious empirically that a country that doesn't let people get waste is headed for essay on national flag of nepal, whether it's Diocletian's Rome or Harold Wilson's Britain.
But Not did not till water understand the role risk played.
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If you try to attack wealth, you end up nailing risk as well, and with it growth. If we want a fairer world, I think we're better off attacking one step downstream, where wealth turns into power. Notes [ 1 ] Success here is defined from the initial investors' point of view: